September 21, 2017


I wanted to post about the Jewish day of Rosh Hashanah and what it means for the Jews. I also want to add what Jesus did for us as our Messiah.





BY STAV ZIV ON 9/20/17 AT 12:18 PM


Though New Year’s fireworks and celebrations are still more than three months away, the Jewish new year arrives Wednesday night. For those who are unfamiliar with Rosh Hashanah, one of the most important holidays in Judaism, here are some basic questions asked and answered.


Why is it called Rosh Hashanah? 
In Hebrew rosh has many meanings, including “head” or “first” or “start,” and shanahmeans “year,” with ha simply meaning “the.” In combination, the name of the holiday translates as “head of the year.”


When does it start and end? 
In 2017, Rosh Hashanah begins at sundown Wednesday, September 20, and ends with nightfall Friday, September 22. Technically, the holiday is September 21 and 22—the first and second days of the month Tishrei on the Jewish calendar—but in Judaism, the day begins at sundown the prior night. That’s why the Sabbath every week begins at sundown Friday and continues until nightfall Saturday. So Wednesday is Erev Rosh Hashanah, or Rosh Hashanah eve, and marks the beginning of the holiday.


What year is starting on the Jewish calendar? 
This year’s celebration marks the start of the year 5778 on the Jewish calendar and marks the number of years since the world was created, at least according to the story recounted in Genesis, the first book of the Hebrew Bible (what Christians would call the Old Testament). The day itself is the anniversary of the day the first man and woman, Adam and Eve, were created.


Why is the exact date of Rosh Hashanah different each year? 

All Jewish holidays are celebrated, unsurprisingly, according to the Jewish calendar, which does not directly match the Gregorian calendar used in the United States and in most countries around the world. In Israel, both are considered official calendars, but everyday life is conducted using the Gregorian calendar, except among those who are very religious. So while the holidays are marked on the same date every year according to the Jewish calendar, the date on the Gregorian calendar differs.



The Jewish calendar is lunisolar, or based on the cycles of the sun, around which the Earth orbits every 365 days, and the moon, which goes through a dozen waxing and waning cycles every roughly 354 days. Since a lunar month lasts about 29.53 days, each month on the Jewish calendar is either 29 or 30 days long.


A regular year on the Jewish calendar, therefore, is about 11 days shorter than a full solar year. In order to fix the discrepancy and ensure that religious observances and seasons happen around the same time of year, it has its own version of a leap year. However, instead of adding one day to February, it adds a 13th month every two or three years (or precisely seven times every 19 years).


How is the holiday celebrated? What are the traditions? 
The traditions of Rosh Hashanah include the sounding of the shofar, which is the horn of a ram or another animal. This often happens at a synagogue as part of prayer services. Many Jews attend longer synagogue services that include extra readings and prayers and festive meals.


Throughout the High Holidays, Jews recite Selichot, special prayers that ask forgiveness. On the eve of Rosh Hashanah, families light candles in their homes, reciting the candle blessing as well as the Kiddush (a blessing over wine), and HaMotzi (a blessing over bread). It also is customary to perform a ceremony called Tashlich where Jews go to a nearby body of water and throw bread crumbs into it, symbolically casting away one’s sins from the previous year.


Many of these traditions are shared among different movements in Judaism, including Reform, Conservative and Orthodox communities. However, which traditions are observed and precisely how they are observed varies from community to community and from family to family. For some secular Jewish families, the main event is the gathering of friends and family for a meal that features traditional and symbolic foods, while more observant Jews will adhere more closely to the other religious customs.


What do Jews eat on Rosh Hashanah? 
The new year is marked with a slew of foods including some combination of: apples dipped in honey; honey cakes; round challah bread loaves; pomegranates; the head of a fish; dates; leeks or cabbage; swiss chard or beets; Haricots verts or green beans or black-eyed peas; and a gourd or squash.


How do you wish someone a happy new year? 
You can say Shanah Tova, which translates literally as “good year,” or Leshana tovah, which means “to a good year.” You can also say Shanah tova u’metuka, which means “good and sweet year.”


What are the High Holidays or High Holy Days?
The High Holidays begin with Rosh Hashanah and end with Yom Kippur, which this year will be observed September 30 (beginning the evening of September 29). The period between the two is sometimes referred to as the Ten Days of Repentance, because it is the time during which humanity is judged based on its deeds during the previous year as well as a time when individuals reflect and make amends. (End of article)


Isn’t it amazing how the Jewish people are so close to understanding what the wine, bread and light really represent?


I Corinthians 10:16

The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ?


I Corinthians 11:25 After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, this cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me.


I Corinthians 11:27 Wherefore whosoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord, unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord.


I Corinthians 15:50 Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; neither doth corruption inherit incorruption.


Ephesians 1:6-8 (KJV)

6 To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved. 7 In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace;


Colossians 1:14 In whom we have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins:

Hebrews 9:12 Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us.


Hebrews 9:14 How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?

Hebrews 10:4 For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats should take away sins.


1 Peter 1:18-20 (KJV)

18 Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers;

19 But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot:


Isaiah 53 (KJV)

53 Who hath believed our report? and to whom is the arm of the Lord revealed?

2 For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him.

3 He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not.

4 Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.

5 But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.

6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.

7 He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth.

8 He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation? for he was cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgression of my people was he stricken.

9 And he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death; because he had done no violence, neither was any deceit in his mouth.

10 Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in his hand.

11 He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities.

12 Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.


Matthew 26:28 For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.


Romans 5:9 Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him.


John 6:35 (KJV)

35 And Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall never hunger; and he that believeth on me shall never thirst.


John 8:12 Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am thelight of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life.


Romans 11:25 For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery, lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in.


2 Corinthians 3:14 But their minds were blinded: for until this day remaineth the same vail untaken away in the reading of the old testament; which vail is done away in Christ.


2 Corinthians 4:4 In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them.


Ephesians 4:18 Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart:


Revelation 3:17 Because thou sayest, I am rich, and increased with goods, and have need of nothing; and knowest not that thou art wretched, and miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked: 18 I counsel thee to buy of me gold tried in the fire, that thou mayest be rich; and white raiment, that thou mayest be clothed, and that the shame of thy nakedness do not appear; and anoint thine eyes with eyesalve, that thou mayest see.


Mark 1:15 (KJV)

15 And saying, The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand: repent ye, and believe the gospel.


WHAT IS THE GLORIOUS GOSPEL? That Jesus took our place on the cross for our sins. He was the sacrificial Lamb that shed His blood for us. No person has to throw his sins into the water as in Rosh Hashanah. Our sins were nailed to the cross with our Savior and Messiah. His grace and love was poured out so there is no condemnation for us who believe.


We are born again with God's Holy Spirit living inside us. Our flesh, our old man Adam was crucified and now we live as new children in Christ, born of the Spirit. We do not live by the letter of the law, but by the Spirit of God. Our bodies are the temple of God's Holy Spirit.

1 Corinthians 6:19-20 (KJV)

19 What? know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own?

20 For ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God's.


Romans 8:1 (KJV)

8 There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.


2 Corinthians 3:6  (KJV)

6 Who also hath made us able ministers of the new testament; not of the letter, but of the spirit: for the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life.




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